|Botanical Name||Curcuma longa|
|Common Name||Curcuma Longa, Curcumin or curcuma, Curcumin Extract, Turmeric Extract, Tumeric Extract, Bulk Curcumin, Bulk Turmeric, Turmeric PE, Curcumin PE.|
|Country of Origin||India|
|Solubility||Soluble in acetone|
|Specific Gravity||0.925 – 0.935 @ 20°C|
|Optical Rotation||-24 – -27 @ 20°C|
|Refrective Index||1.500 – 1.650 @ 20°C|
|Bland With||It mixes well with cooking oil and also blends with coconut oil, butter or olive oil.|
|Flash Point||102°C (215.6°F)|
This powder is extracted by crystallizing turmeric oleoresin that is prepared by the alcohol extraction of turmeric. Curcumin is the active ingredient present in the turmeric and is yellow-orange in color with a spicy taste and aroma. Turmeric consists of both dried and fresh rhizomes of a plant known as curcuma longa and has been used in the Indian traditional system of medicine as a spice and a natural food color. It is known to have anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic, anti-allergic, anti-bacterial and anti-tumor activity.
Turmeric(Curcuma longa)was probably cultivated at first as a dye, and then became valued as a condiment as well as for cosmetic purposes. It is often used in cooking as a substitute for the more costly saffron. In the 13th century Marco Polo wrote of this spice, marvelling at a vegetable which exhibited qualities so similar to saffron. Familiar to the contemporary world as a prime component of curry powder, the orange-yellow rhizome's striking colour lent it a special aura in ancient India. It has always been considered an auspicious material in the sub-continent, both amongst the Aryan cultures (mostly northern) and the Dravidian cultures (mostly southern) and its value may extend far in history to the beliefs of ancient indigenous peoples. Turmeric's common name in the north, haldi, derives from the Sanskrit haridra, and in the south it is called manjal, a word that is frequently used in ancient Tamil literature. Turmeric has a long history of medicinal use in South Asia, cited in Sanskrit medical treatises and widely used in Ayurvedic and Unani systems. Susruta's Ayurvedic Compendium, dating to 250 BC, recommends an ointment containing turmeric to relieve the effects of poisoned food.
Color : deep orange yellow & peppery odor,
Aroma : Characteristic Curcumin odor
Key ingredients include curcumin, demethoxycurcumin, bisdemethoxycurcumin, a volatile oil, gum, starch, calcium chloride, fiber, caffeic-, cinnamic-, p-coumaric and other acids, limonene, calcium, iron, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, beta-carotene, B-vitamins and vitamin C.
It is extensively used in the Indian traditional system as a medicine, spice and a natural food color. It has slightly acrid taste and is a warming plant that is used to flavor various types of Indian foods. It is useful in a variety of conditions related to inflammation and antioxidant damage, such as cataracts, arthritis, cancer, and heart disease. It is also beneficial in treating scabies, digestive disorders, promoting wound healing and strengthening the immune system.